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20/05/2015 10:25 EEST | Updated 20/05/2015 12:45 EEST

Τελευταία η Ελλάδα στις ευκαιρίες που δίνει στην τρίτη ηλικία

this Flickr set that "all 8 million New Yorkers were ready to take advantage of [spring]. The sun was out, the temperature was in the 70s, the sky was blue, and the clouds had disappeared to some other part of the country. There was no way a sane person could stay indoors..."This year, spring arrived about 6 hours earlier; and while the sun was out, the temperature was in the low 40s rather than the 70s. Because the temperature was about 30 degrees colder, about the only activities I noticed were bicycling, jogging, brisk walking, and skating -- instead of the picnics and sunbathing that I had expected. I found a bench near a spot on the river walkway near 82nd Street, and situated myself with the sun behind me, facing north towards the George Washington Bridge in the far background. There were plenty of people heading south, with the bright springtime sun shining directly on them, and I sat there for about an hour, until I had collected some 500 images with my new Sony SLT a55 camera -- a subset of which ended up in this Flickr setA week later, the view from my apartment window indicated that it was going to be a mild, sunny day -- so I returned to Riverside Park once again. Unfortunately, by the time I got to the park, I could see that it was going to be cold, raw, and blustery. I entered the park at 96th Street this time, about half a mile further north than last weekend; and after taking a few pictures in the "upper park" (i.e., up above the river level, and the West Side Highway), I walked down through an underpass to the river, and found another convenient bench facing north.Once again, there were bikers, skaters, joggers, and walkers moving past me at varying speeds; and once again, everyone was bundled up against the wind. The George Washington Bridge, the Hudson River, and the New Jersey shoreline are visible in most of the photos; it will give you some perspective on how things look if you live on the Upper West Side of Manhattan. I took several hundred photos over the space of a couple hours, until I was too cold to stay any longer. And I eventually decided that 40 of them were interesting enough to warrant uploading to Flickr.And at this point, I think I really will avoid the Park for several weeks, until it gets much warmer. Until that happens, there are lots of other places to explore and photograph..." data-caption="(More details later, as time permits)*************************************What a difference a year makes: on the first day of spring in 2010, I noted (in this Flickr set that "all 8 million New Yorkers were ready to take advantage of [spring]. The sun was out, the temperature was in the 70s, the sky was blue, and the clouds had disappeared to some other part of the country. There was no way a sane person could stay indoors..."This year, spring arrived about 6 hours earlier; and while the sun was out, the temperature was in the low 40s rather than the 70s. Because the temperature was about 30 degrees colder, about the only activities I noticed were bicycling, jogging, brisk walking, and skating -- instead of the picnics and sunbathing that I had expected. I found a bench near a spot on the river walkway near 82nd Street, and situated myself with the sun behind me, facing north towards the George Washington Bridge in the far background. There were plenty of people heading south, with the bright springtime sun shining directly on them, and I sat there for about an hour, until I had collected some 500 images with my new Sony SLT a55 camera -- a subset of which ended up in this Flickr setA week later, the view from my apartment window indicated that it was going to be a mild, sunny day -- so I returned to Riverside Park once again. Unfortunately, by the time I got to the park, I could see that it was going to be cold, raw, and blustery. I entered the park at 96th Street this time, about half a mile further north than last weekend; and after taking a few pictures in the "upper park" (i.e., up above the river level, and the West Side Highway), I walked down through an underpass to the river, and found another convenient bench facing north.Once again, there were bikers, skaters, joggers, and walkers moving past me at varying speeds; and once again, everyone was bundled up against the wind. The George Washington Bridge, the Hudson River, and the New Jersey shoreline are visible in most of the photos; it will give you some perspective on how things look if you live on the Upper West Side of Manhattan. I took several hundred photos over the space of a couple hours, until I was too cold to stay any longer. And I eventually decided that 40 of them were interesting enough to warrant uploading to Flickr.And at this point, I think I really will avoid the Park for several weeks, until it gets much warmer. Until that happens, there are lots of other places to explore and photograph..." data-credit="Ed Yourdon/Flickr">

Οι συνθήκες διαβίωσης έχουν βελτιώσει κατά πολύ την φυσική κατάσταση των ηλικιωμένων, φέρνοντας στο προσκήνιο το ζήτημα μιας δραστήριας τρίτης ηλικίας. Σύμφωνα με τον Παγκόσμιο Οργανισμό Υγείας, ο όρος «δραστήριος» δεν αναφέρεται τόσο στις σωματικές αντοχές, όσο στην συνεισφορά τους στα κοινωνικά, οικονομικά, πολιτιστικά, πνευματικά και πολιτικά ζητήματα.

Όπως αναφέρει το δίκτυο Agenda, κάτι τέτοιο θα κάνει τους ηλικιωμένους να αισθάνονται ανεξάρτητοι και θα τους δίνει την δυνατότητα να ολοκληρωθούν μέσω της δουλειάς τους. Για να γίνει πράξη κάτι τέτοιο θα πρέπει να υπάρχει στήριξη από το κράτος μέσω της επιβολής μέτρων που να ενισχύουν την οικονομική ασφάλεια και μέσω της δημιουργίας κατάλληλων υποδομών που να είναι φιλικές προς όλες τις ηλικίες.

Στο Πανεπιστήμιο του Southampton έχουν αρχίσει να δουλεύουν πάνω στην δημιουργία του Δείκτη Δραστήριας Ωρίμανσης, ένα εργαλείο που ακολουθεί την πρόοδο που γίνεται στην Ευρώπη πάνω σε αυτό το ζήτημα. Χρησιμοποιείται κυρίως για τον υπολογισμό των δυνατοτήτων που έχουν οι ηλικιωμένοι με βάση 22 δείκτες που ανήκουν σε τέσσερις κατηγορίες: εργασία, συμμετοχή στα κοινωνικά δρώμενα, ανεξαρτησία και δυνατότητα για δραστήρια ωρίμανση.

Σύμφωνα με τον δείκτη, η Ιταλία, χώρα που κρατάει ψηλά τις οικογενειακές αξίες, προωθεί την φύλαξη των εγγονιών, ενώ στην Αυστρία η πρωτοβουλία Fit2Work βοηθά τους εργαζόμενους ώστε να μην βγουν από την αγορά εργασίας λόγω ασθενειών. Στην Αγγλία, τα συμβόλαια ευέλικτων ωραρίων μπορεί να έχουν δεχτεί αρνητική κριτική για διάφορους λόγους, όμως ταυτόχρονα προωθούν την πρόσληψη ηλικιωμένων. Ποιες χώρες λοιπόν στηρίζουν την τρίτη ηλικία;

Η Ευρώπη με βάση τις δυνατότητες που δίνει στην τρίτη ηλικία (η Ελλάδα καταλαμβάνει την τελευταία θέση):

Η ενεργή ωρίμανση είναι σημαντική όχι μόνο για την οικονομική ενίσχυση της χώρας, αλλά και για την κοινωνική δράση. Σύμφωνα με το δίκτυο Agenda, οι φτωχές χώρες, όπως η Ελλάδα χρειάζεται να δουλέψουν πάνω σε αυτό το ζήτημα. Βέβαια, στον τελευταίο τομέα η Ελλάδα δεν έρχεται τελευταία αλλά... 6η από το τέλος.

Πηγή: Agenda